Professor David J. Hand OBE FBA MMC

Senior Research Investigator and Emeritus
Professor of Mathematics

Imperial College, London

Chief Scientific Advisor

Winton Capital Management

____________________

Professor
David Hand is Senior Research Investigator and Emeritus Professor of
Mathematics at Imperial College, London, where he formerly held the Chair in
Statistics. He is also Chief Scientific Advisor to Winton Capital Management.
He is a Fellow of the British Academy, and an Honorary Fellow of the Institute
of Actuaries, and has served (twice) as President of the Royal Statistical
Society. He is a non-executive director of the UK Statistics Authority, and is
Chair of the Board of the UK Administrative Data Research Network. He has published 300 scientific papers and 28
books, including *Principles of Data
Mining*, *Information Generation*, *Measurement Theory and Practice, The
Improbability Principle*, and *The
Wellbeing of Nations*. In 2002 he was awarded the Guy Medal of the Royal
Statistical Society, and in 2012 he and his research group won the Credit
Collections and Risk Award for Contributions to the Credit Industry. He was
awarded the George Box Medal in 2016. In 2013 he was made OBE for services to
research and innovation.

____________________

**H Measure**

To download information relating to the H-measure, including
instructions on accessing R code, go to

_____________________

**Honours:**

- Elected Member of the International Statistical Institute,
1988
- Honorary Fellow of the Institute of
Actuaries 1999
- Thomas L. Saaty Prize for Applied
Advances in the Mathematical and Management Sciences, 2001
- Royal Statistical Society, Guy Medal in
Silver, 2002
- Fellow of the British Academy, elected
2003
- IEEE ICDM award
for Outstanding Contributions, 2004
- R.C.Bose Memorial Keynote Address, 2005
- President of the International
Federation of Classification Societies, 2006 and 2007
- Forum for Interdisciplinary Mathematics
award for Outstanding Contributions to the Mathematical Sciences, 2005
- Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award,
2006-2009
- President, Royal Statistical
Society, 2008 and 2009, 2010
- Credit Collections and Risk award for
Contributions to the Credit Industry, 2012
- OBE, New Year's Honours, 2013
- George Box Medal, 2016

**Books:**

- Allin
P. and Hand D.J. (2014)
*The Wellbeing of Nations: Meaning, Motive, and Measurement*. Wiley. - Hand
D.J. (2014)
*The Improbability Principle: Why Coincidences, Miracles, and Rare Events Happen Every Day*. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. - Krzanowski
W.J. and Hand D.J. (2009)
*ROC curves for continuous data*. CRC/Chapman and Hall. - Hand
D.J. (2008)
*Statistics: a very short introduction*. Oxford University Press. - Hand
D.J. (2007)
*Information Generation: How data rule our world*. OneWorld Publications. - Hand
D.J. and Herzberg A.M. (eds) (2005)
*Selected statistical papers of Sir David Cox*. CUP. - Hand
D.J. (2004)
*Measurement theory and practice: the world through quantification*, Edward Arnold. - Adams
N.M., Crowder, M..J., Hand D.J., and Stephens D.A. (eds.) (2004)
*Methods and models in statistics: in honour of Professor John Nelder, FRS*. World Scientific. - Hand
D.J., Adams N.M., and Bolton R.J. (eds.) (2002)
*Pattern detection and discovery*. Springer. - Hand
D.J., Mannila H., and Smyth P. (2001)
*Principles of data mining*, MIT Press. - Hoffmann
F., Hand D.J., Adams N., Fisher D., and Guimaraes G. (eds) (2001)
*Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis*. Springer. - Hand
D.J., Kok J.N., and Berthold M.R. (eds.) (1999)
*Advances in intelligent data analysis*. Springer-Verlag. - Berthold
M. and Hand D.J. (eds) (1999)
*Intelligent data analysis*. Springer-Verlag. - Hand
D.J. and Jacka S. (eds.) (1998)
*Statistics in finance*, Edward Arnold. - Hand
D.J. (1997)
*Construction and assessment of classification rules*, Wiley. - Hand
D.J. and Crowder M.J. (1996)
*Practical longitudinal data analysis*, Chapman & Hall. - Gower J.C.
and Hand D.J. (1996)
*Biplots*, Chapman & Hall. - Daly
F., Hand D.J., Jones M.C., Lunn A.D., and McConway K. (1995)
*Elements of statistics*, Addison-Wesley. - Hand
D.J., Daly F., Lunn A.D., McConway K. and Ostrowski E. (eds.) (1994)
*A handbook of small data sets*, Chapman & Hall. - Hand
D.J. (ed.) (1994)
*AI and computer power: the impact on statistics*, Chapman & Hall. - Hand
D.J. (ed ) (1993)
*Artificial intelligence frontiers in statistics*, Chapman & Hall, - Crowder
M.J. and Hand D.J. (1990)
*Analysis of repeated measures*, Chapman & Hall. - Hand
D.J. and Everitt B.S. (eds.) (1987)
*The statistical consultant in action*, Cambridge University Press. - Hand
D.J. and Taylor C.C. (1987
*Multivariate analysis of variance and repeated measures: a practical guide for behavioural scientists*, Chapman & Hall. - Hand
D.J. (1985)
*Artificial intelligence and psychiatry*, Cambridge University Press [Fench translation, 1991] - Hand
D.J. (1982)
*Kernel discriminant analysis*, Research Studies Press/Wiley. - Everitt
B.S. and Hand D.J. (1981)
*Finite mixture distributions*, Chapman & Hall. - Hand
D.J. (1981)
*Discrimination and classification*, Wiley.

L24: Hand D.J. (2007)
Discussion
contribution to Diggle, Farewell, and Henderson, 2007 Analysis of longitudinal
data with drop-out: objectives, assumptions, and a proposal, *JRSS-C*, **56**, 499-550

L23: Hand DJ and
Herzberg AM (2016) Contribution to the discussion on ‘Perils and potentials of
self-selected entry to epidemiological studies and surveys’, by Keiding and
Louis, *Journal of the Royal Statistical
Society, Series A, Statistics and Society*, **179**, 358-359.

I109: Hand DJ (2016)* *Never say never. In *The Best Writing on Mathematics*. ed
Pitici M, Princeton University Press, Princeton. Previously published in *Scientific American*, **310.2**, 72-74, 2014.

R175: Allin P. and
Hand D.J. (2016) New statistics for old? – Measuring the wellbing of the UK. To
appear in *Journal of the Royal
Statistical Society, Series A, Statistics and Society*, http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/28812

R174: Hand D.J. (2016) Big data and data sharing. *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society,
Series A: Statistics in Society*, **179**,
1-3. to appear, http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/28416

I108: Hand D.J. (2016)
Statistical challenges in retail credit analysis. In *UK Success Stories in
Industrial Mathematics*, edited by Philip Aston, Tony Mulholland, and Katy
Tant, publ. Springer, New York. p281-288.

I107: Hand D.J. (2015) It’s not
rocket science. *Bulletin of the Institute
of Mathematical Statistics*, **44**,
3, p13.

I106: Hand D.J. (2015) The
improbability principle. *Bulletin of the
Institute of Mathematical Statistics*, **44**,
2, p7.

I105: Hand D.J. (2015) Statistics and computing:
the genesis of data science. *Statistics
and Computing*, **25**, 705-211. DOI: 10.1007/s11222-015-9565-6

I104: Hand D.J. (2015) Data and
privacy: a question of balance. In *Statistics, Science, and Public Policy XIX:
Communication, Knowledge, and Understanding*. April 23-26, 2014, ed.
A.M.Herzberg, Queen's University, Canada. 123-127.

R173: Hand D.J. (2015) The importance and impact of 'On the
mathematical foundations of theoretical statistics' by R.A.Fisher. To appear in
*Philosophical Transactions of the Royal
Society, A*** 373**, 20140252. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2014.0252

P20: Allin P. and Hand D.J. (2015) Getting
the measure of modern life. *Significance*,
February, p40-42

I103: Hand D.J. (2014) Measuring
national wellbeing. *Bulletin of the
Institute of Mathematical Statistics*, **43**,
5, p5.

I102: Hand D.J. (2014) Solving
the right problem. *Bulletin of the Institute
of Mathematical Statistics*, **43**,
3 p6.

I101: Hand D.J. (2014) Data,
data, everywhere, but let's just stop and think. *Bulletin of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics*, **43**, 1, p4.

R172: Hand D.J. (2014) Wonderful
examples, but let's not close our eyes. *Statistical
Science*, **29**, 98-100.

P19: Hand D.J. (2014) David J.
Hand's lottery tips*. New York Times*,
23 Feb 2014.

P18: Hand D.J. (2014) Lottery
tickets and long shots. *Los Angeles Times*,
16 March 2014.

P17: Hand D.J. (2014) Five laws
(and our brains) make one in a billion events happen every day. *City AM. *3 March 2014.
http://www.cityam.com/article/1393820179/five-laws-and-our-brains-make-one-billion-events-happen-every-day

I100: Hand D.J. (2014) Obituary
for Dennis Lindley. *The Guardian*, http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/mar/16/dennis-lindley

I99: Hand D.J. Problems with
science? 185-193. (2014) *Psychology and
statistics: ready for the future? Liber Amicorum for Willem J. Heiser*, ed
M.de Rooij and C.M.van Putten, Leiden University.

R171: Hand D.J. and
Anagnostopoulos C. (2014) A better beta for the H-measure of classification
performance. *Pattern Recognition Letters*,
**40**, 41-46.

I98: Hand D.J. (2013) Data not dogma: big data, open data, and the
opportunities ahead. In *Advances in
Intelligent Data Analysis, XII*, 12^{th} International Symposium,
LNCS 8207, Springer, Berlin, 1-12.

I97: Hand D.J. What evidence?
Herstmonceux conference, 17-21 April 2013

I96: Hand D.J. (2013) From
evidence to understanding: a precarious path. *European Review*, **21**, Supplement
No. 1, S32-S39.

C65: Hand D.J. (1993) In *Statistical
Meta Information Systems*,Proceedings of the Conference, Luxembourg 2-4
February, p417-9, Eurostat.

I95: Hand D.J. (2013) The dilemmas of open data. In *Statistics,
Science, and Public Policy XVII: Democracy, danger, and dilemmas*. April
18-21, 2012, ed. A.M.Herzberg, Queen's University, Canada. 67-74.

R170: Hand D.J. and Adams N.M. (2013)
Selection bias in credit scorecard evaluation. *Journal of the Operational Research Society*, doi:10.1057/jors.2013.55

R169: Pavlidis N.G., Tasoulis D.K., Adams
N.M., and Hand D.J. (2012) Adaptive consumer credit classification. *Journal of the Operational Research Society*,
**63**, 1645-1654.

I94: Hand D.J.
(2012) Credit scoring, insurance and discrimination. In *Statistics,
Science, and Public Policy XVI: Risks, Rights, and Regulations*. April
17-20, 2011, ed. A.M.Herzberg, Queen's University, Canada. 85-90.

R168: Hand
D.J. and Anagnostopoulos C. (2013) When is the area under the receiver
operating characteristic curve an appropriate measure of classifier
performance? *Pattern Recognition Letters*,
**34**, 492-496.

R167: Henrion
M., Hand D.J., Gandy A., and Mortlock D.J. (2012) CASOS: A subspace method for
anomaly detection in high dimensional astronomical databases. *Statistical Analysis and Data Mining*.

R166: Hand
D.J. (2012) Assessing the performance of classification methods. *International Statistical Review*.

I93: Hand
D.J. (2012) Open data: problems and promise. *ESRC Methods News*, p3, August, 2012. http://www.ncrm.ac.uk/news/methodsnews.php
And reprinted in the newsletter of the Social Research Association http://www.the-sra.org.uk/

I92: Hand D.J. (2012) Open data creates
pitfalls as well as opportunities. *Research
Fortnight News*, 25^{th} July.

I91: Hand D.J. (2012) Open data is a force
for good, but not without risks. *The
Guardian*, 10^{th} July.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2012/jul/10/open-data-force-for-good-risks?INTCMP=SRCH

I90: Hand D.J. (2012) Voyages of discovery.
In *Journeys to Data Mining*, ed.
M.M.Gaber, Springer, New York.

I89: Hand D.J. (2012) Mathematics and
statistics in finance. *A Global Village*,
**7**, 11-15.

I88: Hand D.J. (2012) Strength through
synergy: presentation to the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries Open Forum, 27
Sept 2010. *British Actuarial Journal*,

R165: Anagnostopoulos C., Tasoulis D., Adams
N.M., Pavlidis N.G., and Hand D.J. (2012) Online linear and quadratic
discriminant analysis with adaptive forgetting for streaming classification. *Statistical Analysis and Data Mining*, **5**, 139-166.

R164: Ross G.J.,
Tasoulis D.K., Adams N.M., and Hand D.J. (2011) Exponentially weighted moving
average charts for detecting concept drift.*
Pattern Recognition Letters*, **33**,
191-198.

I87: Hand D.J.
(2011) Money, drugs, temperature and politicians: the interplay of
security and ethics. In *Statistics, Science, and Public Policy XV: Ethics, Security, and
Society*. April 21-24, 2010, ed. A.M.Herzberg, Queen's University, Canada.
9-16.

R163: Hand
D.J. (2011) Discussion of 'Bayesian models and methods in public policy and
government settings' by S.E.Fienberg. *Statistical
Science*, **26**, 227-230.

R162: Bentham J. and Hand D.J. Data mining from a patient safety
database: the lessons learned. To appear in *Data
Mining and Knowledge Discovery*.

R161: Hand
D.J. and Crowder M.J. Overcoming selectivity bias in evaluating new fraud
detection systems for revolving credit operations. Accepted for publication in
the *International Journal of Forecasting*,
doi:10.1016/j.ijforecast.2010.10.005

C64: Hand
D.J. (2010) Statistics in government, with crime statistics as a case study. *Foundation for Science and Technology*,
http://www.foundation.org.uk/events/audios/audiopdf.htm?e=430&s=1169

R160: Henrion
M., Mortlock D.J., Hand D.J., and Gandy A. (2010) A Bayesian approach to
star-galaxy classification. *Monthly
Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society*,

R159: Brentnall
A.R., Crowder M.J., and Hand D.J. (2010) Approximate repeated-measure
shrinkage. *Computational Statistics and
Data Analysis*, **55**, 1150-1159.

R158: Pavlidis
N., Tasoulis D.K., Adams N.M., and Hand D.J. λ-perceptron: an adaptive
classifier for data streams. Accepted for publication in *Pattern Recognition*.

I86: Hand
D.J. (2010) The laws of coincidence, Lechevallier, Y. And Saporta. (eds), *COMPSTAT2010, Proceedings of the 19 ^{th}
International Conference on Computational Statistics*, Springer, 167-176.

C63: Adams, N.M., Tasoulis, D.K.,
Anagnostopoulos, C. and Hand, D.J. (2010) Temporally-adaptive linear
classification for handling population drift in credit scoring, Lechevallier,
Y. And Saporta. (eds), *COMPSTAT2010,
Proceedings of the 19 ^{th} International Conference on Computational
Statistics*, Springer, 167-176.

I85: Hand D.J. (2010) Statistics:
an overview. To appear in the *International
Encyclopedia of Statistical Science*, ed. Miodrag Lovric

L20: Hand
D.J. (2010)Monitoring large data sets to
detect fraud: discussion of the papers by Becker *et al* and Sudjianto *et al*.
To appear in *Technometrics*.

R157: Yu K, Ally A.K., Yang S., and Hand D.J.
Kernel quantile-based estimation of expected shortfall. To appear in *Journal of Risk.*

R156: Heard N.A., Weston D.J., Platanioti K.,
and Hand D.J. Bayesian anomaly detection methods for social networks. To appear
in *Annals of Applied Statistics*.

R155: Hand
D.J. Evaluating diagnostic tests: the area under the ROC curve and the balance
of errors. To appear in *Statistics in
Medicine*.

R154: Anagnostopoulos C., Adams N.M., Hand
D.J. (2010) Streaming covariance selection with applications to adaptive
querying in sensor networks. *The Computer
Journal*,doi: 10.1093/comjnl/bxp123

R153: Pavlidis N.G., Adams N.M., Nicholson
D., and Hand D.J. Prospects for bandit solutions in sensor management. To
appear in* The Computer Journal*.

R152: Brentnall
A.R., Crowder M.J., and Hand D.J. (2010) Likelihood-ratio changepoint features
for consumer-behaviour models. *Journal of
the Operational Research Society*, **61**,
462-472.

R151: Anagnostopoulos
C., Tasoulis, D.K., Adams N.M, and Hand D.J. Temporally adaptive estimation of
logistic classifiers on data streams. To appear in *Advances in Data Analysis and Classification*.

R150: Hand
D.J. and Zhou F. (2009) Evaluating models for classifying customers in retail
banking collections. *Journal of the
Operational Society*, , 1-8.

R149: Krzanowski W.J. and Hand D.J. Testing the
difference between two Kolmogorov-Smirnov values in the context of Receiver
Operating Characteristic curves. To appear in *Journal of Applied Statistics*.

R148:
Brentnall A., Crowder M.J., and Hand D.J. Predictive-sequential forecasting
system development for cash machine stocking. Accepted for publication in the *International Journal of Forecasting*.

I84:
Hand D.J. (2009) Let the facts speak for themselves. In *Statistics,
Science, and Public Policy XIII: Government, Science, and Politics*. April
18-21, 2007, ed. A.M.Herzberg, Queen's University, Canada. 117-123.

I83: Hand D.J. (2007) The information economy: personal privacy
and public protection. In *Statistics,
Science, and Public Policy XI: Government, Science, and Politics*. April
18-21, 2007, ed. A.M.Herzberg, Queen's University, Canada. 37-42.

C62:
Bentham J. and Hand D.J. (2009) Detecting
new kinds of patient safety incidents. *Discovery
Science, 2009*. *Springer Lecture Notes
on Artificial Intelligence*, 5808, ed. J. Gama *et al*, 51-65.

R147: Hand D.J. (2009) Mining the
past to determine the future: rejoinder. *International Journal of
Forecasting*, **25**, 461-462.

R146: Tasoulis D., Adams N.M., and Hand D.J. (2009)
Selective fusion of out-of-sequence measurements. To appear in *Information Fusion*.
doi:10.1016/j.inffus.2009.06.002

C61:
Hand D.J. and Blunt G. Estimating
the iceberg: how much fraud is there in the UK? *Journal of Financial Transformation*, 25, part 1, p19-29.
http://www.capco.com/?q=content/journal-detail&sid=1094

P16: Hand D.J. (2008) Mathematics
or mismanagement: the crash of 2008. *Mathematics
Today*, June, 106-107. Reproduced in Newsletter of the *London Mathematical Society*, no.382, June, p15.

I82: Hand D.J. (2009) Naive
Bayes. In *The Top Ten Algorithms in Data
Mining*, ed. X.Wu and V.Kumar, Chapman and Hall, Boca Raton. p163-177.

R145: Hand D.J. (2009) Measuring
classifier performance: a coherent alternative to the area under the ROC curve.
Accepted by *Machine Learning*.

I81: Hand D.J. (2009) Common
sources of unreliability in scientific evidence. In *The Admissibility of Expert Witness Evidence in Criminal Proceedings in
England and Wales*, *Consultation Paper
no. 190*, The Law Commission. 90-92.

P15: Hand D.J. (2009) How we are fighting the battle against fraud.
*Credit Collections and Risk*, March,
47-48.

R144: Jamain A. and Hand D.J. (2009) Where are the
large and difficult data sets? Accepted for publication in *Advances in Data Analysis and Classification*,
10.1007/s11634-009-0037-8.

R143: Krzanowski W.J. and Hand D.J. A simple
method for screening variables before clustering microarray data. To appear in *Computational Statistics and Data Analysis.*
CSDA-D-08-00544R1 (e236)

R142: Hand
D.J. (2009) Modern statistics: the myth and the magic (RSS Presidential
Address). *Journal of the Royal
Statistical Society*, *Series A*, **172**, 287-306.

C60: Hand
D.J. and Yu K. Justifying adverse actions with new scorecard technologies.
Accepted by *Journal of Financial
Transformation*.

I80: Hand
D.J. and Weston D.J. (2008) Statistical techniques for fraud detection,
prevention, and assessment. In *Mining
Massive Data Sets for Security*, ed. Fogelman-Souliá, Perrotta D., Pisorski
J., and Steinberger R.. IOS Press, Amsterdam. 257-270.

R141: Hand
D.J. (2008) Breast cancer diagnosis from proteomic mass spectrometry data: a
comparative evaluation. To appear in *Statistical
Applications in Genetics and Molecular Biology*. 7, **DOI:**** **10.2202/1544-6115.1435

R140: Hand
D.J. (2008) Mining the past to determine the future: problems and
possibilities. *International Journal of
Forecasting*, 10.1016/j.ijforecast.2008.09.004

R139: Pei T,
Jasra A., and Hand D.J., DECODE: a new method for discovering clusters of
different densities in spatial data. **To appear in Data
Mining and Knowledge Discovery.**

P14: Hand D.J. (2008) The perils of data
mining for credit applications. *Credit
Collections and Risk*, October, p48-49.

R138: Brentnall A., Crowder, M.J., and Hand
D.J. (2008) Predicting the amount individuals withdraw at cash machines.
Accepted for publication in *Statistical
Modelling*.

C57: Tasoulis, D.K, Adams, N.M. and Hand
D.J., (2008) 'Exploiting and handling delayed measurements in sensor systemsi,
SENSORCOMM -08, Second International Conference on Sensor Technologies and
Applications, 2008, 166-171.

C59: Adams, N.M., Hand, D.J., Montana, G. and Weston, D. (2006). Fraud
Detection in consumer credit. *Expert
Update*, **9**(1), 21-27.

C58: Brentnall, A. R., M. J. Crowder, and D. J.
Hand (2008). Empirical random-effects models to predict the amount individuals
withdraw at cash machines. In P. H. Eilers (Ed.), *Proceedings of the 23rd International Workshop on Statistical Modelling*,
pp. 131-136.

P13: Hand D.J. (2008) A time to
experiment. *Credit Collections and Risk*,
May, p18.

**R137: **Hand D.J., Brentnall A., and Crowder M.J. (2008) Beyond empirical
scorecards. *Journal of Financial
Transformation*, **23**, 121-128.

**R136: Whitrow C., Hand D.J., Juszczak P., Weston
D., and Adams N.M. (2008) Transaction aggregation as a strategy for credit card
fraud detection. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery**

**R135: Juszczak P., Adams N.M., Hand D.J., Whitrow
C., and Weston D.J. (2008) Off-the-peg or bespoke classifiers for fraud
detection? Computational Statistics and Data Analysis, **

R134: **Weston D.J., Hand D.J., Adams N.M., Juszczak P.,
and Whitrow C. (2008) Plastic card fraud detection using peer group analysis. Advances
in Data Analysis and Classification, **

R133: Jamain
A. and Hand D.J. (2008) Mining supervised classification performance studies: a
meta-analytic investigation. *Journal of Classification*,
**25**, 87-112.

R132: Brentnall
A.R., Crowder M.J., and Hand D.J. (2008) A statistical model for the temporal
pattern of individual ATM withdrawals. *Applied
Statistics*, **57**, 43-59.

C56: Whitrow C., Hand D.J., Adams N.M., Weston D., and Juszczak P.
(2008) Combining fraud detection methods. *International
Crime Science Conference*, British Library.

C55: Pavlidis, N.G., Tasoulis, D.K., Adams, N.M. and Hand, D.J. (2008)
Dynamic multi-armed bandit with covariates. *ECAI
2008, 18 ^{th} European Conference on Artificial Intelligence*, M.
Ghallab, C.D. Spyropoulos, N. Fakotakis and N. Avouris (Eds), 777-778.

C54: Tasoulis D., Adams N.M., Weston D.J., and Hand D.J. (2008) Mining
information from plastic card transaction streams*. Compstat 2008.*

C53: Anagnostopoulos, C., Tasoulis, D.K.,
Adams, N.M. and Hand, D.J. (2008) 'Online optimization for variable selection
in data streams'. ECAI 2008, 18^{th} European Conference on Artificial
Intelligence, M. Ghallab, C.D. Spyropoulos, N. Fakotakis and N. Avouris (Eds),
132-136.

C52: Anagnostopoulos, C., Adams, N.M. and Hand, D.J. (2008) Deciding
what to observe next: adaptive variable selection for regression in
multivariate data streams. In *Proceedings
of the ACM Symposium on Applied Computing (SAC)*, 961-965.

C51: Pavlidis
N., Tasoulis D.K., Hand D.J., (2008) Simulation studies of Multi-Armed Bandits
with Covariates. In* 10th International Conference on Computer Modelling and
Simulation*, Cambridge, 493-498.

C50: Tasoulis, D.K,
Adams, N.M. and Hand D.J. (2008) Simulation and Analysis of Delay Handling
Mechanisms in Sensor Networks in *Proceedings
of the 10 ^{th} International Conference on Computer Modelling and
Simulation*, 661-666.

L20: Hughes,
S, Keene, O, Howitt, N, Roes, K, Ashby, D, Beltangady, M, Bird, SM, Burton, C,
Buyse, M, Day, S, van Ewijk, P, Fletcher, C, Grieve, AP, Guinot, C, Hand, DJ,
Hemmings, R, Holt, D, Hothorn, L, Jagers, P, Keiding, N, Korhonen, P, Lesaffre,
E, Lewis, JA, Molenberghs, G, Neumann, N, Olsen, KJ, van Osta, G, Pocock, S,
Rockhold, F, Rossi, A, Senn, S, Stijnen, T, Vaeth, M, Wiklund, SJ, Wolfram, J,
(2008) European regulatory agencies
should employ full time statisticians, *British Medical Journal*, **336**,
250, 250.

L19: Hand D.J. (2008) Comment on Briggs and Zaretski: The Skill Plot: A Graphical Technique for Evaluating
Continuous Diagnostic Tests, *Biometrics*,
**64**, 259-259.

P12: Hand
D.J. (2008) Personal privacy, data discs, and realistic risk. *Significance*, March, p11-14.

R131: **Krzanowski W.J. and Hand D.J. (2007) **A
recursive partitioning tool for maximising prediction accuracy. *Advances in Data Analysis and Classification*,
**1**, 241-254.

R130: Twala B.E.T.H., Jones M.C., and Hand
D.J. (2008) Good methods for coping with missing data in decision trees. *Pattern Recognition Letters*, **29**, 950-956.

R129: Wu X,
Kumar V., Quinlan J.R., Ghosh J., Yang Q., Motoda H., McLachlan G.J., Ng A.,
Liu B., Yu P.S., Zhou Z-H., Steinbach M., Hand D.J., and Steinberg D. Top 10
algorithms in data mining. (2008) *Knowledge
and Information Systems*, **14**,
1-37.

R128: Wu
I-D. and Hand D.J. (2007) Handling selection bias when choosing actions in
retail credit applications. *European
Journal of Operational Research*, **183**,
1560-1568.

I79: Hand
D.J. (2007) Principles of data mining. *Drug
Safety*, **30**, 621-622.

I78: Hand
D.J. (2007) Measurement in public policy: hitting a moving target. In *Statistics, Science, and Public Policy IX:
Government, Science, and Politics*. April 18-21, 2007, ed. A.M.Herzberg,
Queen's University, Canada.

I77: Hand
D.J. (2007) Mining personal banking data to detect fraud. In *Selected Contributions in Data Analysis and
Classification*. ed. P.Brito, P.Bertrand, G.Cucumel, and F de Carvalho.
Berlin: Springer, 377-386.

I76: Hand
D.J. (2007) Measuring what matters. Festschrift in honour of Hans Lenz, publ.
Dr Kovac., 55-61.

R127: Hand D.J., Whitrow C., Adams N.M., Juszczak P., and Weston D.
(2008) Performance criteria for plastic card fraud detection tools. *Journal of the Operational Research Society*, **59**, 956-962.

R126: Zhang Z.C. and Hand D.J. (2006)
Detecting groups of anomalously similar objects in large data sets. *Intelligent Data Analysis*, **10**, 473-483.

R125: Hand D.J., Krzanowski W.J., and Crowder
M.J. (2007) Optimal predictive partitioning. *Statistics and Computing*, **17**,
11-23.

R124: Crowder M.J., Hand D.J., and Krzanowski W.J.
(2007) On optimal intervention for customer lifetime value. *European Journal of Operational Research*,
**183**, 1550-1559.

C49: Tasoulis D.K., Adams N.M.,
and Hand D.J. (2007) Should delayed measurements always be incorporated in
filtering? *15th International Conference
on Digital Signal Processing*, 264-267.

C48: Tasoulis D.K., Adams N.M., and Hand D.J.
(2007) Selective fusion of delayed measurements in filtering. In *IEEE International Workshop on Machine
Learning for Signal Processing*, 336-341.

P11: Hand
D.J. (2007) Deception and dishonesty with data: fraud in science. *Significance*, v4, no.1, p22-25.

R123: King M.D., Crowder M.J., Hand D.J., Harris N.G., Williams S.R.,
Obrenovitch T.P., and Gadian D.G. (2005) Is anoxic depolarisation associated
with an ADC threshold? A Markov chain Monte Carlo analysis. *NMR in Biomedicine*, **18**, 587-594.

R122: Hand D.J. (2006) Classifier technology
and the illusion of progress (with discussion). *Statistical Science*, **21**,
1-34.

I75: Hand D.J. (2006) Universities: neither
manufacturing nor service, but co-operative industry. In *Statistics, Science, and Public Policy X, Education, Economics, and
Politics.* ed. A.M.Herzberg, Queen's University, Canada, 109-114.

I74: Hand D.J. (2006) Size matters:
measurement and science. Proceedings of Polish Classification Society,
Conference, Wisła, Poland.

I73: Hand D.J. (2006) Protection or privacy:
data mining and personal data. In *Advances
in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 10th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD
2006*, Singapore, April 9-12, 2006. Eds: Wee Keong Ng, Masaru Kitsuregawa,
Jianzhong Li, Kuiyu Chang. Berlin: Springer. p1-10.

C46: Adams N.M., Hand D.J., Montana G.,
Weston D.J., and Whitrow C.W. (2006) Fraud detection in consumer credit. *Expert Update*, **9(1)**, 21-27.

C47: Tasoulis D.K., Adams N.M., and Hand D.J.
(2006) Unsupervised clustering in streaming data. *IEEE International Conference on Data Mining*. 638-642.

R121: Heard N., Holmes
C.C., Stephens D.A., Hand D.J., and Dimopoulos G. (2005) A Bayesian
co-clustering of Anopheles gene expression time series responses to multiple
immune challenges. *Proceedings of the
National Academy of Sciences*, **102**,
16939-16944.

R120: De Veaux R.D. and
Hand D.J. (2005) How to lie with bad data. *Statistical
Science*, **20**, 231-238.

R119: Crowder M.J. and Hand
D.J. On loss distributions from installment-prepaid loans. *Lifetime Data Analysis*, **11**,
545-564.

R118: Hand D.J. and Heard N.A.
(2005) Finding groups in gene expression data. *Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology*, **2005**, 215-225.

R117: Thomas
L.C., Oliver R.W., and Hand D.J. (2005) A survey of the issues in consumer
credit modelling research. *Journal of the
Operational Research Society*, **56**,
1006-1015.

P9: Hand D.J. (2005) Data
analysis in personal financial services: a rich opportunity. *Significance*, **2**, 110-113.

C45: Hand D.J. and Zhang Z. (2005)
Spotting the difference: detecting local structures in large data sets. *Expert Update*, **8**, 11-18.

P8: Hand D.J. (2005) Size
matters. *Significance*, **2**, 81-83.

C44: Hand D.J., Adams N.M., and Heard N.A. (2004)
Pattern discovery tools for detecting cheating in student coursework. In *Local Pattern Detection: International
Seminar, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, April 12-16, 2004*, eds K.Morik, J-F
Boulicaut, and A. Siebes. 39-52. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

C43: Zhang
Z. and Hand D.J. (2005) Detecting groups of anomalously similar objects in
large data sets. In *Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis VI: 6th
International Symposium on Intelligent Data Analysis, IDA 2005, Madrid, Spain.* September 8-10, 2005. Ed. A. Fazel Famili,
Joost N. Kok, José M. Peńa, *et al.* p509-519.

I72: Hand D.J. (2004) Grade
inflation. In *Statistics, Science, and
Public Policy IX: Government, Science, and Politics*. April 21-24, 2004, ed.
A.M.Herzberg and R.W.Oldford, Queen's University, Canada, 115-121.

I71 : Hand D.J. (2005) Data
mining. In *Encyclopedia of Statistics in
Behavioural Science*, Vol 1, ed. B.S.Everitt and D.C.Howell, Wiley, 461-465.

I70: Hand
D.J. (2005) Modern data analysis tools in
personal financial services: a quantitative revolution? In *Data Mining et Apprentissage Statistique Applications en Assurance*,
Niort, 7-14.

I69: Hand D.J. (2005) Pattern Recognition. In *Handbook of Statistics*, *Vol *24,
ed. C.R.Rao and Ed Wegman. Elsevier, 213-228.

R116: Hand
D.J. and Crowder M.J. (2005) Measuring customer quality in retail banking. *Statistical Modelling*, **5**, 145-158.

R115: Hand D.J., Sohn S.Y.,
and Kim Y. (2005)
Optimal bipartite scorecards. *Expert
Systems with Applications*, **29**,
684-690.

R114: Jamain A. and Hand D.J.
(2005) The naive Bayes mystery. *Pattern
Recognition Letters*, **26**,
1752-1760.

R110: Hand D.J. and
Krzanowski W.J. (2005) A note on
optimising k-means clustering results with standard software packages. *Computational Statistics and Data Analysis*,
**49**, 969-973.

R109: Hand D.J. (2005)
Supervised classification and tunnel vision. *Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry*. **21**, 97-109.

R113: Hand D.J. and Bolton R.J.
(2004) Pattern discovery and detection: a unified statistical methodology. *Journal of Applied Statistics*, **31**, 885-924.

I68: Hand D.J. (2004) Pattern discovery:
preface. Special issue of *Journal of
Applied Statistics*, **31**, 883-884.

R111: McDonald, R.A., Eckley, I.
A. and Hand, D.J. (2004) A Multi-Class Extension to the Brownboost Algorithm. *International Journal of Pattern Recognition
and Artificial Intelligence*, **18**,
905-931.

R108: Bolton
R.J., Hand D.J. and Crowder M.J. (2004) Significance tests for unsupervised
pattern discovery in large continuous multivariate data sets. *Computational Statistics and Data Analysis*,
**46**, 57-79.

R105: Benton T., Hand D.J., and Crowder M.J.
(2004) Two zeds are better than one. *Journal
of Applied Statistics*, **31**,
239-247.

L18: Hand D.J. (2004) Proposal of vote of
thanks for 'Clustering objects on subsets of attributes' by J.H.Friedman and
J.J.Meulman, *Journal of the Royal
Statistical Society, Series B*, **66**,
839-840.

I67: Hand D.J. (2004) Strength in diversity:
the advance of data analysis. In *Machine
Learning, CML, 2004, Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Machine
Learning, Pisa, September*, 18-26. eds Boulicaut J-F, Esposito F., Giannotti
F, and Pedreshchi D. Springer. And jointly printed in *Knowledge Discovery in Databases: PKDD 2004: Proceedings of the 8th
European Conference on Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in
Databases, Pisa, September, *18-26. eds Boulicaut J-F, Esposito F.,
Giannotti F, and Pedreschi D. Springer.

I66: Hand D.J. (2004) Academic obsessions and
classification realities: ignoring practicalities in supervised classification.
In *Classification, Clustering and Data
Mining Applications*. ed. D.Banks, L.House, F.R.McMorris, P.Arabie, and
W.Gaul. Springer.209-232.

I63: Hand D.J. (2004) Credit scoring. *Encyclopedia of Actuarial Science*. ed.
J.Teugels and B.Sundt. Chichester: Wiley. Vol.1, 410-41.

R107: King M, Crowder
MJ, and Hand DJ, Harris NG, Williams SR, Obrenovitch TP, Gadian DG (2003) The
temporal relationship between the ADC and DC potential responses to transient
focal ischemia in the rat: a Markov chain monte carlo simulation analysis. *Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and
Metabolism*, **23**, 677-688

R106: Hand D.J. and Vinciotti V. (2003) Local
versus global models for classification problems: fitting models where it
matters. *The American Statistician*. **57**, 124-131.

R104: Bolton R.J., Hand D.J., and Webb A.R. (2003)
Projection techniques for nonlinear principal components analysis. *Statistics and Computing*, **13**, 267-276.

R103: Yearling
D. and Hand D.J. (2003) A Bayesian network datamining approach for modelling
the physical condition of the copper access network within Broadband Britain. *BT Technical Journal*, **21**, 90-100.

R102: Till R.J. and Hand D.J. (2003)
Behavioural models of credit card usage. *Journal
of Applied Statistics*, **30**,
1201-1220.

I65: Hand D.J. (2003) Crime, statistics, and
behaviour. In *Statistics, Science, and
Public Policy VIII: Science, Ethics, and the Law*. April 23-26, 2003, ed.
A.M.Herzberg and R.W.Oldford, Queen's University, Canada, 181-187.

I64: Hand D.J. (2003) Choosing the right
'optimal' model in supervised classification. In *Literacia e Estaistica*, Actas do X Congresso Anual da Socieda
Portugesa de Estatística, Porto, 25-28 September, 2002, 31-41.

C42: King
M., Crowder M.J., Hand D.J., Harris N.G., Williams S.R, Obrenovitch T.P, Gadian
D.G.. (2003) Is there an ADC threshold for depolarisation? An MCMC analysis. *Proc. Of the 11 ^{th} Annual Meeting
of the Int. Soc. Magn. Reson. Med., *Toronto. Society of Magnetic Resonance
in Medicine, Berkeley, CA, p1944

I62: Hand D.J. (2003) Pattern discovery in
data mining. In *Analisi statistica multivariata
per le sceinze economico-sociali, le science naturali e la tecnologia*. Societá Italialia di Statistica, Salita de'
Creszenzi 26, 00186 Roma.15-26.

C41: King MD, Crowder MK, Hand DJ, Harris NG,
Williams SR, Obrenovitch TP, Gadian DG (2002) A Markov chian Monte Carlo
simulations analysis of the temporal apparent diffusion coefficient and DC
potential responses to focal ischaemia. *Proc
of the 10 ^{th} Annual Meeting of the Int Soc Magn Reson Med *,
Honolulu. Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Berkely CA, p1175.

C40: McDonald R.A., Eckley I.A.
and Hand D.J. (2004) A classifier combination tree algorithm. In *Structural, Syntactic, and Statistical
Pattern Recognition*, ed. A.Fred, T.Caelli, R.P.W. Duin, A.Campilho, and D
de Ridder, Springer, 609-617.

C39: McDonald R., Hand D.J., and Eckley I.
(2003) An empirical comparison of three boosting algorithms on real data sets
with artificial class noise, in *Proceedings
of MCS2003 (LNCS 2709)*, ed. T. Windeatt and F. Roli, p 35-44, 2003, Berlin
Springer-Verlag.

R112: Hand D.J. (2002) Good practice in retail credit scorecard
assessment. *Journal of the Operational
Research Society*, **56**, 1109-1117.

I61: Hand D.J. (2002) Individual freedom and
the choice of umbrella. In *Statistics,
Science, and Public Policy VII: Environment, Health, and Globalization*.
April 17-20, 2002, ed. A.M.Herzberg and R.W.Oldford, Queen's University,
Canada, 213-218.

I60: Hand D.J. (2002)
Selling mackerel by the pound. In *Statistics, Science, and Public Policy VII:
Environment, Health, and Globalization*. April 17-20, 2002, ed. A.M.Herzberg
and R.W.Oldford, Queen's University, Canada, 67-72.

I59: Vinciotti V. and Hand D.J. (2002)
Scorecard construction with unbalanced class sizes. *The Journal of Iranian Statistical Society*, **2**, 189-205.

R101: Benton T.C. and Hand D.J.
(2002) Segmentation into predictable classes. *IMA Journal of Management Mathematics*, **13**, 245-259.

R100: Hand D.J. and Kelly M.G. (2002)
Superscorecards. *IMA Journal of
Management Mathematics*. **13**,
273-281.

R99: Hand D.J. and Vinciotti V. (2002)
Choosing *k *for two-class nearest
neighbour classifiers with unbalanced classes. *Pattern Recognition Letters*, **24**,
1555-1562.

R98: Bolton R.J. and Hand D.J. (2002)
Statistical fraud detection: a review. *Statistical
Science*, **17**, 235-255.

R97: Li H.G. and Hand D.J. (2002) Direct versus
indirect credit scoring classifications. *Journal
of the Operational Research Society*, **53**,
1-8.

R92: Fayers P.M. and Hand D.J. (2002) Causal
variables, indicator variables, and measurement scales, with discussion. *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society*,
*Series A*, **165**, 233-261.

I58: Hand D.J. (2002) Discussion and
conclusions. In *Statistics, Science, and
Public Policy VI: Science and Responsibility*. April 18-21, 2001, ed.
A.M.Herzberg and R.W.Oldford, Queen's University, Canada, 267-271.

I57: Hand D.J. (2002) The framing of
decisions as distinct from the making of decisions. In *Statistics, Science, and Public Policy: VI: Science and Responsibility*.
April 18-21, 2001, ed. A.M.Herzberg and R.W.Oldford, Queen's University,
Canada, 157-161.

I56: Hand D.J. (2002) A discussion of
cultures: two or three. In *Statistics,
Science, and Public Policy VI: Science and Responsibility*. April 18-21,
2001, ed. A.M.Herzberg and R.W.Oldford, Queen's University, Canada, 81-83.

I44: Hand D.J. (2002) Statistics. *Handbook of Knowledge Discovery and Data
Mining*, ed. W. Klösgen and J. Zytkow.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
637-643.

C38: Bolton R.J., Hand D.J., and Adams N.N.
(2002) Determining hit rate in pattern search. In *Pattern Detection and Discovery*, ed. D.J.Hand, N.M.Adams, and
R.J.Bolton. Springer. 36-48.

C37: Hand D.J. (2002) Pattern detection and
discovery. In *Pattern Detection and
Discovery*, ed. D.J.Hand, N.M.Adams, and R.J.Bolton. Springer. 1-12.

R96: Denison
D.G.T, Adams N.M., Holmes C. and Hand D.J. (2001) Bayesian Partition Modelling.
*Computational Statistics and Data
Analysis*, **38**, 475-485.

R95: Hand D.J. and Kelly M.G. (2001)
Lookahead scorecards for new fixed term credit products. *Journal of the Operational Research Society*, **52**, 989-996.

R94: Hand D.J. and Blunt G. (2001)
Prospecting for gems in credit card data. *IMA
Journal of Management Mathematics*, **12**,
173-200.

R93: Hand D.J. (2001) Modelling consumer
credit risk. *IMA Journal of Management
Mathematics*, **12**, 139-155.

R91: Adams N.M., Hand D.J., and Till, R.J.
(2001) Mining for classes and patterns in behavioural data. *Journal of the Operational Research Society*,
**52**, 1017-1024.

R90: Hand D.J. and Yu K. (2001) Idiot's Bayes
- not so stupid after all? *International
Statistical Review*, **69**, 385-398.

R89: Hand D.J. and Till R.J. (2001) A simple
generalisation of the area under the ROC curve for multiple class classification
problems. *Machine Learning*, **45**, 171-186.

R88: Hand D.J. (2001) Measuring diagnostic
accuracy of statistical prediction rules. *Statistica
Neerlandica*, **53**, 3-16.

R87: Hand D.J., Li H.G., and Adams N.M.
(2001) Supervised classification with structured class definitions. *Computational Statistics and Data Analysis*,
**36**, 209-225.

I55: Hand D.J. Neural networks. *Encyclopedia of Environmetrics*. el-Shaarawi AH,
Piegorsch WW, editors. Chichester: Wiley.

I54: Hand D.J. Artificial intelligence. *Encyclopedia of Environmetrics*. . el-Shaarawi AH,
Piegorsch WW, editors. Chichester: Wiley.

I53: Hand D.J. Data mining. *Encyclopedia of Environmetrics*. el-Shaarawi AH,
Piegorsch WW, editors. Chichester: Wiley.

I52: Hand D.J. Modern
data analysis: a clash of paradigms. *Classification,
Automation, and New Media*. Springer, 75-85.

I51: Hand D.J., Adams N.M. and Kelly
M.G. (2001) Multiple classifier systems based on interpretable linear
classifiers. *Proceedings of the Second
International Workshop on Multiple Classifier Systems, MCS 2001*, Cambridge,
July, 136-147.

I50: Hand D.J. (2001)
Education to equip people for change. In *Statistics,
Science, and Public Policy V: Society, Science, and Education*. ed.
A.M.Herzberg and I. Krupka, Queen's University, Canada, 197-201.

I49: Hand D.J. (2001) Reject inference in credit
operations. *Handbook of Credit Scoring*. Ed. Elizabeth Mays. Chicago: Glenlake
Publishing. p225-240.

C36: Bolton R.J.and Hand D.J. (2001)
Significance tests for patterns in continuous data. In Proceedings of the *2001 IEEE International Conference on Data
Mining*, ed. N.Cercone, T.Y.Lin, and X.Wu. IEEE Computer Society, Los
Alamitos, California. 67-74.

C35: Yearling D.
and Hand D.J. (2001) Investigating Temporal Patterns of Fault behaviour within
large Telephony Networks. In *Advances
in Intelligent Data Analysis*, ed F.Hoffmann, D.J. Hand, N.Adams, D.Fisher,
and G.Guimaraes. Cascais, Portugal. 340-349.

C34: Cohen P., Adams N., and Hand D.J. (2001)
The IDA'01 robot data challenge. In *Advances
in Intelligent Data Analysis*, ed F.Hoffmann, D.J. Hand, N.Adams, D.Fisher,
and G.Guimaraes. Springer. 378-381.

C33: Ferreira J.T.A.S., Denison D.G.T, and
Hand D.J. (2001) Data mining with products of trees. In *Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis*, ed F.Hoffmann, D.J. Hand,
N.Adams, D.Fisher, and G.Guimaraes. Cascais, Portugal. 167-176

C32: Norgate,
S.H., Adams, N., Rose, S.P.R., Hand, D. (2001) A meta-analysis of behaviour
genetic studies of I.Q.: evidence for 'g' factor?' Paper presented at the
British Psychological Society joint Developmental Education Section Conference,
University of Worcester, September 7^{th}.

R86: Mertens B.J.A. and Hand D.J. (2000)
Adjusted estimation for the combination of classifiers. *Intelligent Data Analysis*, **4**,
165-179.

R85: Hand D.J. and Adams N.M. (2000) Defining
attributes for scorecard construction. *Journal
of Applied Statistics*, **27**,
527-540.

R84: Hand D.J. (2001) New uses of statistics
in retail banking. *American Journal of
Mathematical and Management Sciences*. **20**.

R83: Schiavo R. and Hand D.J. (2000) Ten More
Years of Error Rate Research. *International
Statistical Review*, **68**, 295-310.

R82: Hand D.J., Blunt G., Kelly M.G., and
Adams N.M. (2000) Data mining for fun and profit. *Statistical Science*, **15**,
111-131.

R81: Adams N.M. and Hand D.J. (2000) An
improved method for comparing diagnostic tests. *Journal of Computing in Biology and Medicine*, **30**, 89-96.

R80: Adams N.M. and Hand D.J. (2000)
Improving the practice of classifier performance assessment. *Neural Computation*, **12**, 305-311.

I48: Hand D.J. and Blunt G. (2000)
Prospecting for gems in credit card data. *Proceedings of the Workshop on Statistical
Modelling for Data Mining*, University of Pavia, October 25th - 26th.

I47: Hand D.J. (2000) Mining medical data. *Statistical Methods in Medical Research*,
9, 1-3.

I46: Hand D.J. (2000) Methodological issues
in data mining. *COMPSTAT 2000:
Proceedings in Computational Statistics,* ed. J.G.Bethlehem and P.G.M. van
der Heijden. Physica-Verlag, 77-85.

C31: Hand D.J. (2000) Synergy in drug
combinations. In *Data Analysis*, ed.
W.Gaul, O.Opitz, and M.Schader. Berlin, Springer, 471-5.

C30: Denison,
D.G.T, Adams, N.M., Holmes, C. and Hand, D.J. (2000). Bayesian Partition
Modelling. *Proceedings of NMDM2000,
International Meeting on Nonlinear Methods and Data Mining*, Rome, 25-26
September 2000.

L17: Hand D.J. (2000) Contribution to the
discussion of 'The philosophy of statistics' by Lindley, *The Statistician*, **49**,
293-337.

R79: Kelly M.G and Hand D.J. (1999) Credit
scoring with uncertain class definitions. *IMA
Journal of Mathematics Applied in Business and Industry*, **10**, 331-345.

R78: Taylor P.C. and Hand D.J. (1999) Finding
superclassifications with acceptable misclassification rates. *Journal of Applied Statistics*, **26**, 579-590.

R77: Adams N.M. and Hand D.J. (1999)
Comparing classifiers when the misallocation costs are uncertain. *Pattern Recognition*, **32**, 1139-1147.

R76: Stanghellini E., McConway K.J., and Hand
D.J. (1999) A discrete variable chain graph for applicants for bank credit. *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society,
Series C, Applied Statistics*, **48**,
239-251.

I45: Hand D.J. (1999) Measurement and the
nature of science: the impact on the relationship between science and the
public. In *Statistics Science and Public
Policy, III: Science and the Public Trust*. ed. A.M.Herzberg and I.Krupka,
Queen's University, Canada, 103-108.

I43: Hand D.J., (1999) Intelligent data
analysis and deep understanding. In *Causal
Models and Intelligent Data Management*, ed. A. Gammerman, Springer-Verlag.
67-80

I42: Hand D.J. (1999) Statistics and data
mining: intersecting disciplines. *SIGKDD
Explorations*, **1**, 16-19.

I41: Hand D.J.(1999) Data mining: new
challenges for statisticians. *Proceedings
of the ASC International Conference, 1999.* ed. C.Christie and J.Francis et
al., Association for Survey Computing, 21-29. Also *Social Science Computer Review*, (2000) 18, 442-449.

I40: Hand D.J. (1999) Why data mining is more
than statistics writ large. *Bulletin of
the International Statistical Institute, 52 ^{nd} Session*, Vol. 1,
433-436.

C29: Hand D.J. (1999) Introduction. In *Intelligent Data Analysis*, ed.
M.Berthold and D.J.Hand, Springer, 1-14.

C28: Mertens B.J.A. and Hand D.J. (1999)
Adjusted estimation for the combination of classifiers. *Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis*, ed. D.J.Hand, J.N.Kok, and
M.R.Berthold. Springer, Berlin. 317-330.

C27: Kelly M.G., Hand D.J., and Adams N.M.
(1999) Supervised classification problems: how to be both judge and jury. *Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis*,
ed. D.J.Hand, J.N.Kok, and M.R.Berthold. Springer, Berlin. 235-244.

C26: Kelly M.G., Hand D.J., and Adams N.M.
(1999) The impact of changing populations on classifier performance. *Proceedings of the Fifth ACM SIGKDD
International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining*, ed.
S.Chaudhuri and D.Madigan, Association for Computing Machinery, New York.
367-371.

L16: Hand D.J. (1999) Contribution to the
discussion of 'Data mining reconsidered: encompassing and the
general-to-specific approach to specification search' by Hoover and Perez. *Econometrics Journal*, **2**, 241-243.

L15: Hand D.J. (1999) Contribution to the
discussion of *Research Methodology*,
ed. Adăr and Mellenbergh., Sage Publications, 333-335.

L14: Hand
D.J. (1999) Propose vote of thanks for 'Statistical heresies' by J.K.Lindsey, *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society,
Series D*, 48, 1-40.

R75: Hand D.J. (1998) Data mining - reaching
beyond statistics. *Research in Official
Statistics*, **2**, 5-17.

R74: Hand D.J., (1998) Data mining:
statistics and more? *The American
Statistician*, **52**, 112-118.

R73: Hand D.J., Oliver J.J. and Lunn A.D.
(1998) Discriminant analysis when the classes arise from a continuum. *Pattern Recognition*, **31**, 641-650.

R72: Hand D.J. (1998) Breaking misconceptions
- statistics and its relationship to mathematics (with discussion). *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society,
Series D,*** 47**, 245-250 and
284-286.

R71: Hand
D.J. (1998) Strategy, methods, and solving the right problem. *Computational Statistics*, **13**, 5-14.

I39: Hand D.J. (1998) Reject inference in
credit operations. In *Credit Risk
Modelling: Design and Application*, ed. By Elizabeth F. Mays, publ. Glenlake
Publishing, 181-190.

I38: Hand
D.J. (1998) Scientific method and statistics. *Encyclopedia of Biostatistics, *Wiley. 3967-3971.

I37: Hand
D.J. (1998) Measurement scale. *Encyclopedia
of Biostatistics*, Wiley. 2521-2524.

I36: Hand
D.J. (1998) Artificial intelligence. *Encyclopedia
of Biostatistics*, Wiley. 193-196.

I35: Hand D.J.
(1998) Discriminant analysis, Linear. *Encyclopedia
of Biostatistics*, Wiley. 1168-1179.

I34: Hand
D.J. (1998) The importance of statistics in the gathering and analysis of data.
In *Statistics, Science, and Public Policy*.
Ed. A.M.Herzberg and I.Krupka. Kingston: Queen’s University. 103-105.

C25: Hand D.J. (1998) Consumer credit and
statistics. In *Statistics in Finance*,
ed. D.J. Hand and S.D.Jacka, London, Arnold, 69-81.

C24: Adams N.M., Hand D.J., and Li H.G.
(1998) A simulation study of indirect prognostic classification. In Proceedings
in Computational Statistics, COMPSTAT-98, ed. R.Payne and P.Green, Heidelberg,
Physica- Verlag, 149-154.

C23: Kelly M.G., Hand D.J., and Adams N.M.
(1998) Defining the goals to optimise data mining performance. *Proceedings of the Fourth International
Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining*, ed. R.Agrawal,
P.Stolorz, and G. Piatetsky-Shapiro. Menlo Park: AAAI Press. 234-238.

C22: Hand D.J. Data mining - reaching beyond
statistics. (1998) *Proceedings of the
KESDA98 conference*, Luxembourg, April.

C21: Schiavo R.A. and Hand D.J. (1998) Neural
networks, PAC learning, and error rate estimation. *XXXIX Riunione Scientifica della Societ´ Italiana di Statistica*,
Sorrento, April.

L13: Fayers
P.M., Groenvold M., and Hand D.J. and Bjordal K. (1998) Clinical impact versus
factor analysis for quality of life questionnaire construction. *Journal of Clinical Epidemiology*, **51**, 285-286.

R70: Fayers P.M. and Hand D.J. (1997)
Generalising from phase III clinical trials: survival, quality of life, and
health economics. *The Lancet*, **350**, 1025-1027.

R69: Fayers P.M., Hand D.J., Bjordal K., and
Grönvold M. (1997) Causal indicators in quality of life research. *Quality of Life Research*, **6**, 393-406.

R68: Fayers
P.M. and Hand D.J. (1997) Factor analysis, causal indicators, and quality of
life. *Quality of Life Research*, **6**, 139-150.

R67: Hand D.J. and Henley W.E. (1997)
Statistical classification methods in consumer credit scoring: a review. *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society,
Series A*, **160**, 523-541.

R66: Krzanowski W.J. and Hand D.J. (1997)
Assessing error rate estimators: the leave-one-out method reconsidered. *The Australian Journal of Statistics*, **39**, 35-46.

R65: Henley
W.E. and Hand D.J., (1997) Construction of a k-nearest neighbour credit scoring
system. *IMA Journal of Mathematics
Applied in Business and Industry*, **8**,
305-321.

R64: Hand
D.J., McConway K.J., and Stanghellini E. (1997) Graphical models of applicants
for credit. *IMA Journal of Mathematics
Applied in Business and Industry*, **8**,
143-155.

I33: Hand D.J. (1997) Scientific and
statistical hypotheses: bridging the gap. *Understanding
Social Research: perspectives on methodology and practice,* ed G.McKenzie,
J.Powell, and R.Usher, Falmer Press, 124-136.

I32: Hand
D.J. (1997) Intelligent data analysis: issues and opportunities. In *Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis:
Reasoning about Data*. ed. Xiaohui Liu, Paul Cohen, and Michael Berthold..
Berlin: Springer. 1-14. Reprinted in *Intelligent
Data Analysis*, **2**, 67-79, 1998.

I31: Hand
D.J. and Henley W.E. (1997) Some developments in statistical credit scoring, in
*Machine learning and statistics: the
interface.* ed. G.Nakhaeizadeh and C.Taylor. Wiley. 221-237.

C20: Mertens B.J.A. and Hand D.J. (1997)
Biased methods of classification in high dimensions: a comparative assessment.
In* Classification and Knowledge
Organization*, ed. R.Klar and O.Opitz, Berlin: Springer. Pp 162-170.

C19: Gower J.C., Hand D.J. and Ngouenet R.F.
(1997) The development of interactive graphical software for a unified biplot
methodology. *In Computing Science and
Statistics*, 29, eds: EJ Wegman and SP Azen, International Association for
Statistical Computing, Pasadena, California, pp 22-27.

C18: Hand D.J., Yu K., and Adams N. (1997)
Assessing and improving classification rules. *Preliminary Papers of the Sixth International Workshop on AI and
Statistics*, Florida, January. Ed. D.Madigan and P.Smyth. Society for AI and
Statistics. 243-253.

L12: Hand
D.J. (1997) Contribution to discussion of Copas and Li, *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B*, **59**, 80.

L11: Hand
D.J. (1997) Contribution to discussion of Breiman and Friedman, *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society,
Series B*, **59**, 40.

R63: Oliver
J.J. and Hand D.J. (1996) Averaging over decision trees. *Journal of Classification*, **13**,
281-297.

R62: Hand D.J. (1996) Statistics and the
theory of measurement (with discussion). *Journal
of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A, ***159**, 445-492.

R61: Channon S. and Hand D.J. (1996) Verbal
memory following temporal lobectomy. *Data
and Statistics*, **1**, 215-219.

R60: Henley W.E. and Hand D.J. (1996) A k-NN
classifier for assessing consumer credit risk. *The Statistician, ***45**,
77-95.

I30: Hand D.J., (1996) Classification and
computers: shifting the focus. In *COMPSTAT
- Proceedings in Computational Statistics, 1996*. ed. A.Prat.
Physica-Verlag. p77-88.

I29: Hand
D.J. (1996) Further statistical methods. *Research
Methods,* ed. A. Greenfield, Edward Arnold. 189-194.

I28: Lunneborg
C.E. and Hand D.J. (1996) Data analysis by computer. *Research Methods,* ed. A. Greenfield, Edward Arnold. 195-203.

I27: Hand
D.J. (1996) Elementary statistics. *Research
Methods,* ed. A. Greenfield, Edward Arnold. 181-188.

R59: Hand
D.J. (1995) Comparing allocation rules. *Statistics
in Transition*,** 2** 137-150.

R58: Hand
D.J. (1995) An episode in the history of measurement and statistics. *Teaching Statistics*, **17**, 54-56.

C17: Oliver
J.J. and Hand D.J. (1995) On pruning and averaging decision trees. In *Machine Learning: Proceedings of the 12th
International Conference on Machine Learning.* Ed. A.Prieditis and
S.Russell, Tahoe City, California, Morgan Kauffman.

L10: Hand D.J. (1995) Invited commentary on
'The use of statistics in the British Journal of Psychiatry' by S.M. McGuigan. *British Journal of Psychiatry, ***167**, 689.

L9: Hand D.J. (1995) Screening for stratification
in two-phase ('two-stage') epidemiological surveys. *Statistical Methods in Medical Research*, **4**, 263.

L8: Hand
D.J. (1995) Contribution to discussion of Chatfield, *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A*, **158**, 448.

R57: Hand
D.J. (1994) Statistical expert systems. *Chance*,
**17**, No.1, 28-31 and 34.

R56: Hand
D.J. (1994) Assessing classification rules. *The
Journal of Applied Statistics*,* ***21**, 3-16.

R55: Hand
D.J. and Henley W.E. (1993/4) Can reject inference ever work? *IMA Journal of Mathematics Applied in
Business and Industry,* **5**, 45-55.

R54: Hand
D.J. (1994) Deconstructing statistical questions (with discussion), *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society*,
*Series A*, **157**, 317-356.

I26: Hand
D.J. (1994) Recent results in pattern recognition theory and applications. In *Current topics in pattern recognition
research, 1,* 113,123.

I25: Hand
D.J. (1994) The impact of artificial intelligence on statistical data analysis.
*Softstat'93: Advances in statistical
software 4*, ed. F. Faulbaum. Fischer-Verlag. 3-10.

I24: Hand
D.J. (1994) Artificial intelligence and statistics: synergy in action, in *Artificial Intelligence in Mathematics,*
ed. J. Johnson, S. McKee and A. Vella. The Clarendon Press, 265-278.

I23: Hand
D.J. and W.E. Henley (1994) Inference about rejected cases in discriminant
analysis. In *New approaches in
classification and data analysis.* ed. E. Diday et al. Springer-Verlag.
292-299.

I22: Hand
D.J. (1994) Statistics and computing: the promise and the risk. In *AI and Computer Power: the Impact on
Statistics. *ed. Hand D.J. Chapman & Hall, 1-8.

I21: Hand
D.J. Information technology and statistics, in *International Encyclopaedia of Information Technology,* ed. P.
Hills, publ. Croom Helm.

C16: Hand
D.J. (1994) Statistical strategy: step 1. *Selecting
Models from Data : Artificial Intelligence and Statistics IV,* eds. P.
Cheeseman and R.W. Oldford. Springer-Verlag, p3-9.

C15: Oliver
J.J. and Hand D.J. (1994) Averaging over decision stumps. *Machine Learning: ECML'94 Proceedings of the European Conference on
Machine Learning,* eds. F. Bergadano and L. de Raedt, Catania, Italy,
Berlin: Springer-Verlag, p231-241.

L7: Hand
D.J. (1994) Contribution to discussion of Ripley, *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B,*** 56**, 439-440.

R53: Hand
D.J. (1993) What is synergy? revisited. *Journal
of Pharmaceutical Medicine*, **3**,
97-100.

R52: Hand
D.J. (1993) Data, metadata, and information. *Statistical Journal of the United Nations*, **10**, 143-151.

R51: Dunn
G., Sham P.C., and Hand D.J. (1993) Statistics and the nature of depression, *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society*,
*Series A*, **156**, 63-87. (Reprinted in *Psychological
Medicine*, **23**, 871-889)

I20: Gale
W.A., Hand D.J., and Kelly A.E. (1993) Statistical applications of artificial
intelligence, in *Handbook of Statistics,
Vol 9*, ed. C.R. Rao. Elsevier, 535-576.

I19: Hand
D.J. (1993) AI in statistics, *New
Techniques and Technologies in Statistics, *Office for Official Publications
of the European Communities, 133-140.

C14: Hand
D.J. (1993) Perspectives in classification and the future of the IFCS. *IFCS Newsletter*, **7**, p4-6, October.

C13: Hand
D.J. (1993) The first step in statistical consultancy, *Proceedings of 1992 International Biometric Conference*, Hamilton, New
Zealand, p221-228.

C12: Hand
D.J. (1993) Measurement scales as metadata, in *Artificial intelligence Frontiers in Statistics,* ed Hand D.J..
Chapman & Hall, p54-64.

L6: Hand
D.J. (1993) Comment on 'Nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio typologies are
misleading'. *The American Statistician, ***47**, p314-315.

L5: Hand
D.J. (1993) Reply to Nemenyi. *The
American Statistician, ***47**, p159.

R50: Hand
D.J. (1992) On comparing two treatments, *The
American Statistician*, **46**,
190-192.

R49: Almustafa
M., Doyle F.H., Gutteridge D.H., Hand D.J., Davis T.M.E., Spinks T.J.,
Freemantle C., and Joplin G.F. (1992) Effects of treatments by calcium and sex
hormones on vertebral fracturing in osteoporosis, *Quarterly Journal of Medicine*, New Series **83**, No. 300, 283-294.

R48: Hand
D.J. (1992) Statistical methods in diagnosis, *Statistical Methods in Medical Research*, **1**, 49-67.

I18: Hand
D.J. (1992) Microdata, macrodata, and metadata, in *Computational Statistics, Vol. 2*, ed. Y. Dodge and J. Whittaker.
Heidelberg; Physica-Verlag, 325-340.

C11: Hand
D.J. (1992) On editing journals, *News and
Notes *of the Royal Statistical Society, **Vol. 18**, No. 6. And reprinted in *As the publisher and the editor said to the author*, 2nd ed.,
Bradford: MCB University Press, p15-16, (1993).

P7: BBC
radio programme on Election Polls, broadcast March 1992.

R47: Cooper
C., Shah S., Hand D.J., Compston J., Davie M., and Woolf A. (1991) Screening
for vertebral osteoporosis using individual risk factors, *Osteoporosis International*, **2**,
48-53.

R46: Fitzmaurice
G.M., Krzanowski W.J., and Hand D.J. (1991) A Monte Carlo study of the 632
bootstrap estimator of error rate, *Journal
of Classification*, **8**, 239-250.

R45: Dodge
Y. and Hand D.J. (1991) What should future statistical software look like?, *Computational Statistics and Data Analysis*,
**12**, 369-72.

R44: Thompson
M.J., Hand D.J., and Everitt B.S. (1991) Contradictory correlations between
derived scales, *Statistics in Medicine*,
**10**, 1315-1319.

R43: Hand
D.J. (1991) Expert systems and statistics, *The
Journal of Applied Statistics*, **18**,
1-2.

I17: Hand
D.J. (1991) How to analyse your repeated measures data, in *Proceedings of the Workshop on design of longitudinal studies and
analysis of repeated measures data.* ed. S.R. Wilson. Centre for Mathematics
and Its Applications. 3-16.

I16: Hand
D.J. (1991) Statistics, in *Software
Engineer's Reference Book*, ed. J.A. McDermid, Publ. Butterworth, 6/3-6/11.

I15: Hand
D.J. and Cubitt R. (1991) Statistical expert systems, in *Statistical and scientific databases,* ed. Z. Michalewicz. Publ.
Ellis-Horwood, 421-429.

I14: Hand
D.J. (1991) Classification trees, in *New
Developments in Statistics for Psychology and the Social Sciences, Vol. 2*,
ed. A. and S. Lovie, London: Routledge, 81–94.

R42: Myles
J.P. and Hand D.J. (1990) The multi-class metric problem in nearest neighbour
discrimination rules, *Pattern Recognition*,
**23**, 1291-7.

R41: Hand
D.J. (1990) Introduction to AI and Statistics II, *Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence*, **2**, 1-4.

R40: Hand
D.J. (1990) Practical experience in developing statistical knowledge
enhancement systems, *Annals of
Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence*, **2**, 197-208.

I13: Hand
D.J. (1990) Emergent themes in statistical expert systems, in* Knowledge, Data, and Computer-Assisted
Decisions*, ed. M. Schader and W. Gaul, Springer-Verlag, 279-288.

L4: Hand
D.J. (1990) Propose vote of thanks to papers by Edwards and by Lauritzen and
Wermuth, *Journal of the Royal Statistical
Society, Series B,*** 52**, p51-52.

R39: Multiple
authors (1989) Relative efficacy of intravenous methylprednisolone and ACTH in
the treatment of acute relapse in MS, *Neurology*,
**39**, 969-971.

I12: Hand
D.J. (1989) The applications of artificial intelligence in statistics, in *Development of Statistical Expert Systems,*
Eurostat News Special Edition, EEC, Luxembourg, 35-48, .

I11: Hand
D.J. (1989) Artificial intelligence in psychiatric research, in *Microcomputers, Psychology, and Medicine,*** **ed. R. West, M. Christie, and J.
Weinman, J. Wiley and Sons. 45-55.

I10: Hand
D.J. (1989) Discriminant analysis for psychiatric screening, in *Assignments in Applied Statistics,*** **ed. S. Conrad, Wiley, 137-46.

I9: Hand
D.J. and Glover E.J. (1989) The impact of information technology, in *The Scope of Epidemiological Psychiatry,*** **ed. P. Williams, G. Wilkinson, and K.
Rawnsley, publ. Routledge, 128-36.

L3: Hand
D.J. (1988) Second vote of thanks to Spiegelhalter and Lauritzen, *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society,
Series B,*** 50, **p195-6.

R38: Hand
D.J. (1987) A statistical knowledge enhancement system, *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A*, **150**, 335-45.

R37: Hand
D.J. and Fitzmaurice G.M. (1987) Error rate estimation by mixture
decomposition, *Computers and Mathematics
with Applications*, **14**, 573-578.

R36: Fitzmaurice
G.M. and Hand D.J. (1987) A comparison of two average conditional error rate
estimators, *Pattern Recognition Letters*,
**6**, p221-4.

R35: Hand
D.J. (1987) Artificial intelligence and medicine, *Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine*, **80**, 653-65.

R34: Hand
D.J. (1987) A shrunken leaving-one-out estimator of error rate, *Computers and Mathematics with Applications*,
**14**, 161-7.

R33: Hand
D.J. (1987) Screening versus prevalence estimation, *Applied Statistics*, **36**,
1-7.

I8: Hand
D.J. (1987) Statistical expert systems research, *The Professional Statistician,***
6, No. 10, **December, 10-12.

C10: Hand
D.J. (1987) Bibliography on statistical consulting, in *The Statistical Consultant in Action,*** **ed. Hand D.J. and B.S. Everitt, Cambridge University Press,
p180-2.

C9: Hand
D.J. and Everitt B.S. (1987) Statistical consultancy, in *The Statistical Consultant in Action,* ed. Hand D.J. and B.S.
Everitt, Cambridge University Press, p1-10.

I7: Hand
D.J. (1987) The application of expert systems in statistics, in *Interactions in Artificial Intelligence and
Statistical Methods,*** **ed. Bob
Phelps, Aldershot: Gower Technical Press.

L2: Hand
D.J. (1987) Contribution to discussion of Cleveland and McGill, *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society,
Series A,*** 150**, 213.

R32: Williams
P., Tarnopolsky A., Hand D.J., and Shepherd M. (1986) Minor psychiatric
morbidity and general practice consultation: the West London Study, *Psychological Medicine Monograph Supplement*,
**9**.

R31: Hand
D.J. (1986) An optimal error rate estimator based on average conditional error
rate: asymptotic results, *Pattern
Recognition Letters*, **4**, 347-50.

R30: Hand
D.J. (1986) Recent advances in error rate estimation, *Pattern Recognition Letters*, **4**,
335-46.

R29: Hand
D.J. and Reading A.E. (1986) Discriminant analysis of the McGill Pain
Questionnaire, *Psychological Reports*,
**59**, 763-70.

R28: Hand
D.J. (1986) Expert systems in statistics, *Knowledge
Engineering Review*, **1**, No. 3,
2-10.

R27: Hand
D.J. (1986) Estimating class sizes by adjusting fallible classifier results, *Computers and Mathematics with Applications*,
**12a**, No. 2, 289-99.

I6: Hand
D.J. (1986) Cross-validation in error rate estimation, *Proceedings of the 13th Biometric Conference,*** **Seattle.

I5: Hand
D.J. (1986) Pattern recognition - or how to tell it's one of those, in *The Fascination of Statistics,*** **ed. T.H. Hassard et al, Marcel-Dekker.
65-72.

C8: Hand
D.J. (1986) Patterns in statistical strategy, in *Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, *ed. W. Gale, publ. Addison
Wesley.

P6: Hand
D.J., C. Andrew, and S. Subotsky, 'Publications at the Institute of
Psychiatry', *Bethlem and Maudsley
Gazette,*** 33, **p41-43, 1986.6.

R26: Clements
J.C. and Hand D.J. (1985) Permutation statistics in single case designs', *Behavioural Psychotherapy*, **13**, 288-99.

R25: Hand
D.J. (1985) The role of statistics in psychiatry, *Psychological Medicine*, **15**,
471-6.

R24: Little
A., Levy R., Chuaqui P., and Hand D.J. (1985) A double-blind, placebo
controlled trial of high-dose lecithin in Alzheimer's disease', *Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry*,
**48**, 736-42.

R23: Hand
D.J. (1985) Statistical expert systems: necessary attributes, *The Journal of Applied Statistics*, **12**, 19-27.

R22: Cundy
T., Hand D.J., Oliver D.O., Woods C.G., Wright F.W., and Kanis J.A. (1985) Who
gets renal bone disease before beginning dialysis?, *British Medical Journal*, **290**,
271-5.

I4: Hand
D.J. (1985) Choice of statistical technique, *ISI Bulletin,*** **Proceedings
of the 45th (Centennial) Session, Amsterdam, August, 1985, Vol. 3, 21.1-1 to
21.1-16.

R21: Hand
D.J. (1984) Statistical expert systems: design, *The Statistician*, **33**,
351-69.

I3: Hand
D.J. (1984) Experimental design and sample selection, in *The Scientific Basis of Psychopathology,*** **ed. P. McGuffin, M.F. Shanks, and R.J. Hodgson, Academic Press,
701-13.

I2: Hand
D.J. (1984) Statistics, in *The Scientific
Basis of Psychopathology*, ed. P. McGuffin, M.F. Shanks, and R.J. Hodgson,
Academic Press, 679-99.

R20: Bass C.,
Wade C., Hand D.J., and Jackson G. (1983) Patients with angina with normal and
near normal coronary arteries: clinical and psychosocial state 12 months after
angiography, *British Medical Journal*,
**287**, 1505-8.

R19: Hand
D.J. (1983) A comparison of two methods of discriminant analysis applied to
binary data, *Biometrics*, **39**, 683-94.

R18: Smith
A.M.R., Lee L.S., and Hand D.J. (1983) Interactive user-friendly interfaces to
statistical packages', *The Computer
Journal*, **26**, 199-204.

R17: Reading
A.E., Hand D.J., and Sledmere C.M. (1983) A comparison of response profiles
obtained on the McGill Pain Questionnaire and an adjective checklist', *Pain*, **16**, 375-83.

R16: Hand
D.J. (1983) Common errors in data analysis I: apparent error rate of
classification rules, *Psychological
Medicine*, **13**, 201-3.

R15: Dische
S., Yule W., Corbett J., and Hand D.J. (1983) Childhood nocturnal enuresis:
factors associated with outcome of treatment with an alarm', *Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology*,
**25**, 67-80.

R14: Hand
D.J. (1983) An applicable theorem in matrix algebra', *The Mathematical Gazette*, **67**,
No. 439, 58-9.

P5: Hand
D.J., 'Research and teaching - one statistician's view', *Bethlem and Maudsley Gazette,***
Winter, **1983, p20-22.

R13: Williams
P., Hand D.J., and Tarnopolsky A. (1982) The problem of screening for uncommon
disorders - a comment on the Eating Attitudes Test, *Psychological Medicine*, **12**,
431-4.

R12: Hand
D.J. (1982) Statistical tests in experimental psychiatric research, *Psychological Medicine*, **12**, 415-21.

C7: Hand
D.J. (1982) Statistical pattern recognition on binary variables, in *Pattern Recognition Theory and Applications,*** **ed. J. Kittler, K.S. Fu, and L.F. Pau,
publ. D. Reidel Publishing Company, Boston, p19-33.

R11: Thompson
C. and Hand D.J. (1981) Identification of disease entities, *British Journal of Psychiatry*, **139**, 256-257.

R10: Jenkins
L.M., Tarnopolsky A., and Hand D.J. (1981) Psychological admissions and
aircraft noise from London Airport four year three hospital study, *Psychological Medicine*, **11**, 765-782.

R9: Hand
D.J. (1981) Artificial intelligence, *Psychological
Medicine*, **11**, 449-53. (Reprinted
in *The Spectrum of Psychological Research*,
ed. M. Shepherd, Cambridge University Press, 1984)

R8: Hand
D.J. (1981) Branch and bound in statistical data analysis, *The Statistician*, **30**,
1-13.

R7: Tarnopolsky
A., Watkins G., and Hand D.J. (1980) Aircraft noise and mental health I:
prevalence of individual symptoms, *Psychological
Medicine*, **10**, 683-98.

R6: Williams
P., Tarnopolsky A., and Hand D.J. (1980) Case definition and case
identification in psychiatric epidemiology: review and assessment, *Psychological Medicine*, **10**, 101-14.

C6: Tarnopolsky
A., Hand D.J., Barker S.M., and Jenkins L.M. (1980) Aircraft noise annoyance
and mental health: a psychiatric viewpoint, *Proceedings
of the Third International Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem,*** **Freiburg, September, 1978,
American-Speech-Language Association Report No. 10, p588-93.

C5: Hand
D.J., Tarnopolsky A. , Barker S.M., and Jenkins L.M. (1980) Relationships
between psychiatric hospital admissions and aircraft noise: a new study, *Proceedings of the Third International
Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem,*** **Freiburg, September, 1978, American Speech-Language-Hearing
Association Report No. 10, p277-82.

P4: Hand
D.J., 'Artificial intelligence', *Bethlem
and Maudsley Gazette, Summer,*** **1980,
p20-2.

L1: Hand
D.J. (1979) 'Psychiatric examples of Simpson's paradox', *British Journal of Psychiatry,***
135, **p90-1.

R5: Jenkins
L.M., Tarnopolsky A., Hand D.J., and Barker S.M. (1979) Comparisons of three
studies of aircraft noise and psychiatric hospital admissions conducted in the
same area, *Psychological Medicine*, **9**, 681-93.

R4: Tarnopolsky
A., Hand D.J., McLean E.K., Roberts H., and Wiggins R.D. (1979) Validity and
uses of a screening questionnaire (GHQ) in the community, *British Journal of Psychiatry*, **134**,
508-15.

P3: Hand
D.J., 'Evolutionary programming - an intelligent answer?' *Personal Computer World, ***1, **No.
12, p45-7, 1979.

R3: Hand
D.J. and Batchelor B.G. (1978) Experiments on the edited condensed nearest
neighbour rule, *Information Sciences*,
**14**, 171-80.

I1: Hand
D.J. (1978) A survey of techniques for classifying incomplete vectors, in *Data structure analysis and its
applications; ENST-C-78002, *ed. J. Kittler, Ecole Nationale Superieure des
Telecommunications, Paris.

P2: Hand
D.J., 'Catastrophe theory', *Bethlem and
Maudsley Gazette,*** Winter, **1978,
p6-9.

P1: Hand
D.J., 'Pattern recognition - the ultimate interface', *Personal Computer World,*** 1, **No.
3, p62-5, 1978.

C4 Batchelor
B.G., and Hand D.J. (1976) A pattern recognition competition, *Proceedings of the Third International Joint
Conference on Pattern Recognition,*** **San
Diego.

C3: Hand
D.J. and Batchelor B.G. (1976) The classification of incomplete vectors, *Proceedings of the Third International Joint
Conference on Pattern Recognition,*** **San
Diego.

R2: Batchelor
B.G. and Hand D.J. (1975) On the graphical analysis of pdf estimators for
pattern recognition, *Kybernetes*, **4**, 239-46.

R1: Batchelor
B.G. and Hand D.J. (1975) Preliminary note on the classification of vectors
with some unknown descriptors, *Kybernetes*,
**4**, 105-9.

C2: Hand
D.J. and Batchelor B.G. (1975) Classification of incomplete vectors using
orthogonal function methods, *Proceedings
of the Third International Conference of Cybernetics and Systems,*** **Bucharest

C1: Hand
D.J. and Batchelor B.G. (1974) A preliminary note on pattern classification
using incomplete vectors, *Proceedings of
the Second International Joint Conference on Pattern Recognition,*** **Copenhagen.