I started working with young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder 25 years ago. Over the years, our knowledge and understanding of ADHD has come a long way – mostly down to scientific research – taking the condition from a relatively unheard one to a household one. Too often, we associate ADHD with children, however it’s now recognised to be a lifetime condition with many undiagnosed adults continuing to experience symptoms throughout their lives, despite the abundance of international guidelines on the assessment, treatment and management of ADHD. With many young people reaching adulthood with undiagnosed ADHD, or even misdiagnosed, they will not receive the optimal treatment for their symptoms and associated problems. Unfortunately, many will not reach their potential, and for some, they feel their future is bleak.
It doesn’t have to be this way. The good news is that there are large treatment effects for ADHD interventions and one can intervene at any age. However, early intervention is key if children with ADHD are to mature into confident young adults who experience good mental wellbeing and can effectively plan and organise their lives. I’ve always believed that we should be providing early intervention programmes that work directly with the child as well as those involved in their care and education. Hence, drawing on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) – a technique commonly used for phobias, depression and bipolar – I developed the ‘Helping Children with ADHD’ individual treatment and ‘The STAR Detective’ group intervention to provide life skills to children, their parents/carers and others involved in their care. (more…)