By the winners of the 2014 Student Challenges Competition, Christopher Payne and Hani Marcus
Brain surgery is challenging surgery. When brain tissue is handled incorrectly, the consequences can be catastrophic. The manoeuvres in brain surgery require dexterity, precision and careful force application, but even the best surgeons have limits. We humans are imprecise and we make mistakes. Robots, on the other hand, can operate beyond the physiological limits of a human. This is a central concept to many surgical robots: the perfect fusion of human and machine.
In brain surgery, the NeuroArm is the finest example of the assistive surgical robot concept.