The Closed-Loop or Circular Economy

By Geraldine Brennan

Geraldine Brennan is a Doctoral Researcher at the Centre for Environmental Policy. She is funded by the EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacturing for Industrial Sustainability, a collaboration between Cambridge University, Cranfield University, Imperial College London, Loughborough University and Climate-KIC, one of three Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs) created in 2010 by the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) Geraldine’s research explores systems-based business model innovation within the case study of a closed-loop or circular economy and is supervised by Dr. Mike Tennant.

Geraldine Brennan & Dame Ellen MacArthur, Ellen MacArthur Foundation, Cowes, Isle of Wight

So what is the Circular or Closed-Loop Economy?